DOVECOT

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Installation de dovecot en Multi-domaine

  • Installation des paquets nécessaires :
apt-get install postfix postfix-mysql dovecot-core dovecot-imapd dovecot-pop3d dovecot-lmtpd dovecot-mysql mysql-server

Création de la base de données

  • La base de données est utilisée par postfix pour vérifier les comptes et par postfixadmin pour gérer les comptes
CREATE DATABASE postfix;
  • Gestion des droits
GRANT SELECT on postfix.* to ${my_user}@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
  • Création des tables
CREATE TABLE `alias` (
  `address` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `goto` text NOT NULL,
  `domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `modified` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`address`),
  KEY `domain` (`domain`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Aliases';

CREATE TABLE `alias_domain` (
  `alias_domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `target_domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `modified` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`alias_domain`),
  KEY `active` (`active`),
  KEY `target_domain` (`target_domain`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Domain Aliases';

CREATE TABLE `domain` (
  `domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `description` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL,
  `aliases` int(10) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `mailboxes` int(10) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `maxquota` bigint(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `quota` bigint(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `transport` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `backupmx` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `modified` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`domain`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Domains';

CREATE TABLE `domain_admins` (
  `username` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  KEY `username` (`username`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Domain Admins';

CREATE TABLE `admin` (
  `username` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `password` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `superadmin` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `modified` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`username`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Admins';

CREATE TABLE `config` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `value` varchar(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `name` (`name`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='PostfixAdmin settings';

CREATE TABLE `fetchmail` (
  `id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `domain` varchar(255) DEFAULT '',
  `mailbox` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `src_server` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `src_auth` enum('password','kerberos_v5','kerberos','kerberos_v4','gssapi','cram-md5','otp','ntlm','msn','ssh','any') DEFAULT NULL,
  `src_user` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `src_password` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `src_folder` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `poll_time` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '10',
  `fetchall` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `keep` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `protocol` enum('POP3','IMAP','POP2','ETRN','AUTO') DEFAULT NULL,
  `usessl` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `sslcertck` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `sslcertpath` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8 DEFAULT '',
  `sslfingerprint` varchar(255) DEFAULT '',
  `extra_options` text,
  `returned_text` text,
  `mda` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `date` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT '1999-12-31 23:00:00',
  `created` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT '1999-12-31 23:00:00',
  `modified` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

CREATE TABLE `log` (
  `timestamp` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `username` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `action` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `data` text NOT NULL,
  KEY `timestamp` (`timestamp`),
  KEY `domain_timestamp` (`domain`,`timestamp`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Log';

CREATE TABLE `mailbox` (
  `username` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `password` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `name` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL,
  `maildir` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `quota` bigint(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `local_part` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `modified` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`username`),
  KEY `domain` (`domain`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Mailboxes';

CREATE TABLE `quota` (
  `username` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `path` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `current` bigint(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`username`,`path`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

CREATE TABLE `quota2` (
  `username` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `bytes` bigint(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `messages` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  PRIMARY KEY (`username`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

CREATE TABLE `vacation` (
  `email` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `subject` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL,
  `body` text CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL,
  `activefrom` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT '1999-12-31 23:00:00',
  `activeuntil` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT '1999-12-31 23:00:00',
  `cache` text NOT NULL,
  `domain` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `interval_time` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `created` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `modified` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  `active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`email`),
  KEY `email` (`email`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Vacation';

CREATE TABLE `vacation_notification` (
  `on_vacation` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET latin1 NOT NULL,
  `notified` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET latin1 NOT NULL,
  `notified_at` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  PRIMARY KEY (`on_vacation`,`notified`),
  CONSTRAINT `vacation_notification_pkey` FOREIGN KEY (`on_vacation`) REFERENCES `vacation` (`email`) ON DELETE CASCADE
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Vacation Notifications';




obselete-------------------

  • Création des domaines
INSERT INTO `mailserver`.`virtual_domains`
  (`id` ,`name`)
VALUES
  ('1', 'example.com'),
  ('2', 'hostname.example.com'),
  ('3', 'hostname'),
  ('4', 'localhost.example.com');
  • Création des utilisateurs
INSERT INTO `mailserver`.`virtual_users`
  (`id`, `domain_id`, `password` , `email`)
VALUES
  ('1', '1', ENCRYPT('firstpassword', CONCAT('$6$', SUBSTRING(SHA(RAND()), -16))), 'email1@example.com'),
  ('2', '1', ENCRYPT('secondpassword', CONCAT('$6$', SUBSTRING(SHA(RAND()), -16))), 'email2@example.com');
  • Création des alias
INSERT INTO `mailserver`.`virtual_users`
  (`id`, `domain_id`, `password` , `email`)
VALUES
  ('1', '1', ENCRYPT('firstpassword', CONCAT('$6$', SUBSTRING(SHA(RAND()), -16))), 'email1@example.com'),
  ('2', '1', ENCRYPT('secondpassword', CONCAT('$6$', SUBSTRING(SHA(RAND()), -16))), 'email2@example.com');

Configuration de postfix

Fichier /etc/potfix/main.cf

# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version


# Debian specific:  Specifying a file name will cause the first
# line of that file to be used as the name.  The Debian default
# is /etc/mailname.
#myorigin = /etc/mailname

smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Linux)
biff = no

# appending .domain is the MUA's job.
append_dot_mydomain = no

# Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
#delay_warning_time = 4h

readme_directory = no

# TLS parameters
#smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
#smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
#smtpd_use_tls=yes
#smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
#smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache

smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/dovecot.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/dovecot.pem
smtpd_use_tls=yes
smtpd_tls_auth_only = yes

#Enabling SMTP for authenticated users, and handing off authentication to Dovecot
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes

smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
        permit_sasl_authenticated,
        permit_mynetworks,
        reject_unauth_destination

# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.

myhostname = host.example.com
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
myorigin = /etc/mailname
#mydestination = example.com, hostname.example.com, localhost.example.com, localhost
mydestination = localhost
relayhost =
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::ffff:127.0.0.0]/104 [::1]/128
mailbox_size_limit = 0
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all

#Handing off local delivery to Dovecot's LMTP, and telling it where to store mail
virtual_transport = lmtp:unix:private/dovecot-lmtp

#Virtual domains, users, and aliases
virtual_mailbox_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-maps.cf
virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-alias-maps.cf

Création des fichiers pour interroger mysql

  • fichier /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-domains.cf
 user = mailuser
 password = mailuserpass
 hosts = 127.0.0.1
 dbname = postfix
 query = SELECT 1 FROM domain WHERE domain='%s'
  • Création du fichier /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-maps.cf
 user = mailuser
 password = mailuserpass
 hosts = 127.0.0.1
 dbname = postfix
 query = SELECT 1 FROM alias WHERE address='%s'
  • Création du fichier /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-alias-maps.cf
 user = mailuser
 password = mailuserpass
 hosts = 127.0.0.1
 dbname = postfix
 query = SELECT goto FROM alias WHERE address='%s'

Redémarrage de postfix

/etc/init.d/postfix restart
  • vérification de la configuration
 postmap -q example.com mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-domains.cf
 postmap -q email1@example.com mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-maps.cf
 postmap -q alias@example.com mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-alias-maps.cf

Configuration de dovecot

  • Avant toute modifications, il faut sauvegarder le contenu du dossier /etc/dovecot
  • création du dossier contenantles mails
mkdir -p /var/mail/vhosts/example.com
groupadd -g 5000 vmail
useradd -g vmail -u 5000 vmail -d /var/mail
chown -R vmail:vmail /var/mail
chown -R vmail:dovecot /etc/dovecot
chmod -R o-rwx /etc/dovecot

Fichier /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf

  • Il faut vérifier que la ligne suivante est bien active :
!include conf.d/*.conf
  • ligne à modifier/ajouter
# Enable installed protocols
!include_try /usr/share/dovecot/protocols.d/*.protocol
protocols = imap pop3 lmtp

/etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf

  • lignes à modifier ou ajouter
mail_location = maildir:/var/mail/vhosts/%d/%n
mail_privileged_group = mail

/etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf

disable_plaintext_auth = yes
auth_mechanisms = plain login
#!include auth-system.conf.ext
!include auth-sql.conf.ext

etc/dovecot/conf.d/auth-sql.conf.ext

passdb {
 driver = sql
 args = /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
}
userdb {
 driver = static
 args = uid=vmail gid=vmail home=/var/mail/vhosts/%d/%n
}

/etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext

driver = mysql
connect = host=127.0.0.1 dbname=mailserver user=mailuser password=mailuserpass
default_pass_scheme = SHA512-CRYPT
password_query = SELECT email as user, password FROM virtual_users WHERE email='%u';
#
#password_query = SELECT email as user, password FROM virtual_users WHERE email=(SELECT destination FROM virtual_aliases WHERE source = '%u');
#pour utiliser les alias pour le login

/etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf

service imap-login {
  inet_listener imap {
   port = 143
 }
 inet_listener imaps {
   port = 993
   ssl = yes
 }
...
}

service pop3-login {
 inet_listener pop3 {
   port = 110
 }
 inet_listener pop3s {
   port = 995
   ssl = yes
 }
}

service lmtp {
unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/dovecot-lmtp {
  mode = 0600
  user = postfix
  group = postfix
 }
 # Create inet listener only if you can't use the above UNIX socket
 #inet_listener lmtp {
   # Avoid making LMTP visible for the entire internet
   #address =
   #port =
 #}
}
service auth {
 # auth_socket_path points to this userdb socket by default. It's typically
 # used by dovecot-lda, doveadm, possibly imap process, etc. Its default
 # permissions make it readable only by root, but you may need to relax these
 # permissions. Users that have access to this socket are able to get a list
 # of all usernames and get results of everyone's userdb lookups.
 unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
   mode = 0666
   user = postfix
   group = postfix
 }

 unix_listener auth-userdb {
   mode = 0600
   user = vmail
   #group =
 }

 # Postfix smtp-auth
 #unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
 #  mode = 0666
 #}
 # Auth process is run as this user.
 user = dovecot
}

service auth-worker {
 # Auth worker process is run as root by default, so that it can access
 # /etc/shadow. If this isn't necessary, the user should be changed to
 # $default_internal_user.
 user = vmail
}

/etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf

ssl_cert = </etc/ssl/certs/dovecot.pem
ssl_key = </etc/ssl/private/dovecot.pem
ssl = required


redémarrage de dovecot

service dovecot restart